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Value Name



This value type is used to identify values that contain a time of day.

Format Definition

This value type is defined by the following notation:

 time         = time-hour time-minute time-second [time-utc]

 time-hour    = 2DIGIT        ;00-23
 time-minute  = 2DIGIT        ;00-59
 time-second  = 2DIGIT        ;00-60
 ;The "60" value is used to account for positive "leap" seconds.

 time-utc     = "Z"


If the property permits, multiple "time" values are specified by a COMMA-separated list of values. No additional content value encoding (i.e., BACKSLASH character encoding, see Section 3.3.11) is defined for this value type.

The "TIME" value type is used to identify values that contain a time of day. The format is based on the [ISO.8601.2004] complete representation, basic format for a time of day. The text format consists of a two-digit, 24-hour of the day (i.e., values 00-23), two-digit minute in the hour (i.e., values 00-59), and two-digit seconds in the minute (i.e., values 00-60). The seconds value of 60 MUST only be used to account for positive "leap" seconds. Fractions of a second are not supported by this format.

In parallel to the "DATE-TIME" definition above, the "TIME" value type expresses time values in three forms:

The form of time with UTC offset MUST NOT be used. For example, the following is not valid for a time value:

 230000-0800        ;Invalid time format


The local time form is simply a time value that does not contain the UTC designator nor does it reference a time zone. For example, 11:00 PM:

Time values of this type are said to be "floating" and are not
bound to any time zone in particular.  They are used to represent
the same hour, minute, and second value regardless of which time
zone is currently being observed.  For example, an event can be
defined that indicates that an individual will be busy from 11:00
AM to 1:00 PM every day, no matter which time zone the person is
in.  In these cases, a local time can be specified.  The recipient
of an iCalendar object with a property value consisting of a local
time, without any relative time zone information, SHOULD interpret
the value as being fixed to whatever time zone the "ATTENDEE" is
in at any given moment.  This means that two "Attendees", may
participate in the same event at different UTC times; floating
time SHOULD only be used where that is reasonable behavior.

In most cases, a fixed time is desired. To properly communicate a fixed time in a property value, either UTC time or local time with time zone reference MUST be specified.

The use of local time in a TIME value without the "TZID" property parameter is to be interpreted as floating time, regardless of the existence of "VTIMEZONE" calendar components in the iCalendar object.



UTC time, or absolute time, is identified by a LATIN CAPITAL LETTER Z suffix character, the UTC designator, appended to the time value. For example, the following represents 07:00 AM UTC:


The "TZID" property parameter MUST NOT be applied to TIME properties whose time values are specified in UTC.



The local time with reference to time zone information form is identified by the use the "TZID" property parameter to reference the appropriate time zone definition. "TZID" is discussed in detail in Section 3.2.19.


The following represents 8 five hours behind UTC, in each of the three formats:


This document was automatically converted to XHTML using an RFC to HTML converter with the original text document at the Internet Engineering Task Force web site at .  The original text document should be referred to if there are any errors or discrepancies found in this document.

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