3.6.1. Event Component
Provide a grouping of component properties that describe an event.
A "VEVENT" calendar component is defined by the following notation:
eventprop = *( ; ; The following are REQUIRED, ; but MUST NOT occur more than once. ; dtstamp / uid / ; ; The following is REQUIRED if the component ; appears in an iCalendar object that doesn't ; specify the "METHOD" property; otherwise, it ; is OPTIONAL; in any case, it MUST NOT occur ; more than once. ; dtstart / ; ; The following are OPTIONAL, ; but MUST NOT occur more than once. ; class / created / description / geo / last-mod / location / organizer / priority / seq / status / summary / transp / url / recurid / ; ; The following is OPTIONAL, ; but SHOULD NOT occur more than once. ; rrule / ; ; Either 'dtend' or 'duration' MAY appear in ; a 'eventprop', but 'dtend' and 'duration' ; MUST NOT occur in the same 'eventprop'. ; dtend / duration / ; ; The following are OPTIONAL, ; and MAY occur more than once. ; attach / attendee / categories / comment / contact / exdate / rstatus / related / resources / rdate / x-prop / iana-prop ; )
A "VEVENT" calendar component is a grouping of component properties, possibly including "VALARM" calendar components, that represents a scheduled amount of time on a calendar. For example, it can be an activity; such as a one-hour long, department meeting from 8:00 AM to 9:00 AM, tomorrow. Generally, an event will take up time on an individual calendar. Hence, the event will appear as an opaque interval in a search for busy time. Alternately, the event can have its Time Transparency
set to "TRANSPARENT" in order to prevent blocking of the event in searches for busy time.
The "VEVENT" is also the calendar component used to specify an anniversary or daily reminder within a calendar. These events have a DATE value type for the "DTSTART" property instead of the default value type of DATE-TIME. If such a "VEVENT" has a "DTEND" property, it MUST be specified as a DATE value also. The anniversary type of "VEVENT" can span more than one date (i.e., "DTEND" property value is set to a calendar date after the "DTSTART" property value). If such a "VEVENT" has a "DURATION" property, it MUST be specified as a "dur-day" or "dur-week" value.
The "DTSTART" property for a "VEVENT" specifies the inclusive start of the event. For recurring events, it also specifies the very first instance in the recurrence set. The "DTEND" property for a "VEVENT" calendar component specifies the non-inclusive end of the event. For cases where a "VEVENT" calendar component specifies a "DTSTART" property with a DATE value type but no "DTEND" nor "DURATION" property, the event's duration is taken to be one day. For cases where a "VEVENT" calendar component specifies a "DTSTART" property with a DATE-TIME value type but no "DTEND" property, the event ends on the same calendar date and time of day specified by the "DTSTART" property.
The "VEVENT" calendar component cannot be nested within another calendar component. However, "VEVENT" calendar components can be related to each other or to a "VTODO" or to a "VJOURNAL" calendar component with the "RELATED-TO" property.
The following is an example of the "VEVENT" calendar component used to represent a meeting that will also be opaque to searches for busy time:
BEGIN:VEVENT UID:19970901T130000Zfirstname.lastname@example.org DTSTAMP:19970901T130000Z DTSTART:19970903T163000Z DTEND:19970903T190000Z SUMMARY:Annual Employee Review CLASS:PRIVATE CATEGORIES:BUSINESS,HUMAN RESOURCES END:VEVENT
The following is an example of the "VEVENT" calendar component used to represent a reminder that will not be opaque, but rather transparent, to searches for busy time:
BEGIN:VEVENT UID:19970901T130000Zemail@example.com DTSTAMP:19970901T130000Z DTSTART:19970401T163000Z DTEND:19970402T010000Z SUMMARY:Laurel is in sensitivity awareness class. CLASS:PUBLIC CATEGORIES:BUSINESS,HUMAN RESOURCES TRANSP:TRANSPARENT END:VEVENT
The following is an example of the "VEVENT" calendar component used to represent an anniversary that will occur annually:
BEGIN:VEVENT UID:19970901T130000Zfirstname.lastname@example.org DTSTAMP:19970901T130000Z DTSTART;VALUE=DATE:19971102 SUMMARY:Our Blissful Anniversary TRANSP:TRANSPARENT CLASS:CONFIDENTIAL CATEGORIES:ANNIVERSARY,PERSONAL,SPECIAL OCCASION RRULE:FREQ=YEARLY END:VEVENT
The following is an example of the "VEVENT" calendar component used to represent a multi-day event scheduled from June 28th, 2007 to July 8th, 2007 inclusively. Note that the "DTEND" property is set to July 9th, 2007, since the "DTEND" property specifies the non-inclusive end of the event.
BEGIN:VEVENT UID:20070423T123432Zemail@example.com DTSTAMP:20070423T123432Z DTSTART;VALUE=DATE:20070628 DTEND;VALUE=DATE:20070709 SUMMARY:Festival International de Jazz de Montreal TRANSP:TRANSPARENT END:VEVENT
This document was automatically converted to XHTML using an RFC to HTML converter with the original text document at the Internet Engineering Task Force web site at ietf.org . The original text document should be referred to if there are any errors or discrepancies found in this document.
Need to test your iCalendar feeds? The iCalendar Validator provides developers and testers a method to validate their iCalendar feeds, which can take data from either a URL, file or text snippet and compare it against the RFC 5545 specification. We believe we have one of the best iCalendar validation tools available on the internet. More information about the validator can be found here.